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Unemployment in Poland

The unemployment rate is the ratio of the number of unemployed people to the number of economically active people in a population. We can calculate how high unemployment is in two ways, depending on who we consider to be unemployed. Most often we use the number of people registered as unemployed – because it is the easiest to calculate. However, according to the International Labour Organization a person can be considered unemployed if they are at the same time :

  • is at least 15 years old;
  • is not currently employed (does not provide work as defined by the ILO) or is not undergoing an apprenticeship with elements of practical training;
  • was actively looking for a job during the week of the survey or during the 6 weeks preceding the survey;
  • is able to take up a job in the survey week or in the following week and is willing to do so.

Unemployment in Poland

Unemployment this winter surprised economists
In the current situation of a global pandemic, economists assumed a huge increase in unemployment. However, this did not happen and the unemployment rate in Poland is still relatively low.

Despite the global crisis, the unemployment rate in Poland has risen by only 0.6 percentage points since February. Although the government’s anti-crisis shield stopped layoffs, people were actually out of work. Nearly 700,000 workers could not work because their factories were closed. The number of economically inactive people also increased significantly. More than 200,000 retired and as many as 42,000 decided to stay only with household duties.

The CSO data also show that significantly more employees took sick leave this year. This is not only due to the incidence of COVID-19, which in the second quarter of this year was estimated at about 32 thousand. More than 50 thousand additional sicknesses are employees who may have felt sick due to fear of dismissal. The group of employees still includes those whose jobs were reduced.

Compared to the previous year, the greatest increase in unemployment has affected the Kujawsko-Pomorskie province, which currently has the highest level of unemployment. In the second quarter of this year, only 53.5 percent of people over the age of 15 were working there.

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The fastest growing regions in Poland

According to the Central Statistical Office, more than half of the Polish GDP has been generated by the largest regions: Warsaw capital city, Silesia, Greater Poland, Lower Silesia and Lesser Poland. It is also worth noticing, that the 6 worst performing regions have in total a smaller share in the GDP than Warsaw alone!

Differentiation at the level of regions deepens
The gap between the richest and poorest regions is widening year by year. In the richest capital region GDP per capita is 4 times higher than the national average. Even worse, in the poorest region, it is only 68% of the average! So it is easy to calculate that the average GDP in the poorest region of Lublin is as much as 3 times lower than in the Warsaw region!

The stratification between the poorest and the richest regions continues to grow
The poorest regions, in addition to having the smallest share of GDP, are unfortunately also the slowest growing. Economic growth in the Lubelskie voivodship, which closes the ranking, amounts only to 3.5 per cent. This result is not very good in comparison to the whole country, where this ratio amounts to 6.3 per cent. The second last region in terms of GDP is Warmia and Mazury, which is also at the end of the ranking when it comes to the pace of development.

Which regions develop the fastest?
The region of Podkarpacie, which neighbors the least developed Lubelskie region, is developing the fastest. In terms of GDP growth rate it even overtakes Warsaw!

The development of the region is visible not only in its capital city Rzeszów. The main directions of development of the region are automotive industry, information technology and aviation. New investors are attracted to the region, hoping that their business here will also record high growth and quick profit. This situation is influenced not only by the profit of large corporations from sales but also by the proper use of EU funds.

Despite the fastest GDP growth in the country, per capita income in Podkarpackie is still low. In terms of contribution to the national GDP Podkarpacie is only in 10th place ahead of only West Pomeranian, Opolskie and all other provinces of Eastern Poland.

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Coworking office

A great alternative for young entrepreneurs and freelancers
Coworking offices have a shared workspace designed for freelancers and young entrepreneurs who can rent a desk by the hour or a standard office on a permanent basis. A coworking desk is often cheaper than renting an office in an office building, plus it provides an opportunity to meet new people and make interesting business contacts.

Working in a coworking environment provides better comfort than a home office, where you are often distracted by many factors and where you cannot focus on your work. Apart from a comfortable place to work, a coworking office is a better solution than working at home due to its excellent infrastructure – that is, training and conference rooms for meetings with clients, a relaxation area, a kitchen with a coffee machine and a reception desk with a printer and a scanner.

Thanks to working in coworking space you can not only gain additional clients among other coworkers, but also find potential coworkers, thanks to whom you can extend your offer with additional services, which will allow you to diversify your business. Receiving clients in a prestigious location and a nicely decorated training room will certainly be taken more seriously than when meeting contractors in a coffee shop. Coworking office will be perfect for copywriters, graphic designers, programmers, young entrepreneurs, writers, architects etc.

Opt for a virtual address
Thanks to this solution you will spread your wings
Nowadays in big cities we have a real rash of coworking offices, which does not make the choice any easier. For how to distinguish between dozens of seemingly the same companies? Well, when choosing a coworking or virtual office we should first take price into account. Companies offer to rent a desk by the hour, and some have only subscriptions for a week or a month. Decide for yourself whether you just need a desk from time to time to get away from work at home or in a cafe, or whether you want a permanent, comfortable space to work? When analyzing offers, let’s go to a given coworking space and assess standard of the building and work space, and let’s consider whether the price/quality ratio is sufficient for us. Also pay attention to the type of contract, the notice period and the form of payment for the office – monthly or in advance for a year. All these aspects should be taken into account before choosing a coworking office.

One of the most important aspects is a good location. It is important both for you and for potential clients. Choose an office that is well connected to your home and can be easily reached from different parts of the city. Very often the smartest solution is to rent an office in a coworking space located in the city center. A prestigious virtual address will also increase the value of your business when you register your company on a trusted street.

Functional conference room
An option as important as a comfortable relaxation area
Not every virtual office or coworking space has the necessary tools to work comfortably and efficiently. The basic tool of all entrepreneurs is wifi. Nowadays all coworking offices have it, however you should pay attention whether it is included in the rental price or paid additionally.

While choosing your dream coworking space, check if the conference rooms and training rooms are nicely designed and functional enough to meet your needs during client meetings. Not all coworking offices have such rooms, so you need to check this before signing the contract. Let’s see if the virtual office building is prestigious and representative enough for you and your clients, which will be important both when renting an office and just a virtual address.

Let’s check if the office has proper infrastructure such as relaxation area, well equipped kitchen, photocopier and printer etc, which will provide you with comfort and necessary tools to work. The kitchen facilities should be of adequate standard and a good coworking office should offer storage space for your personal belongings. An important aspect is an equipped kitchen. Make sure it has all the necessary utensils and a coffee machine where you can brew coffee for yourself and your clients. In the relaxation zone you will rest after a busy day and you will be able to take a break from work there. Such zones usually offer comfortable armchairs, hammocks or even consoles, which will provide you with relaxation, thanks to which you will gain strength and inspiration for further work.